In the last couple of years, electric vehicles have become a subject of discussion due to various socio-economic and ecological factors. As there is the depletion in conventional energy sources more and more countries are shifting towards electric mobility. Conversion of energy from electricity is more efficient as compared to that from gasoline. In today date, electric vehicles are an important topic of study and through this article, we are going to study the advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles
Introduction to Electric Vehicles
Electric Vehicles are vehicles having electric motors as propulsion devices. The main components of electric vehicles include a Battery, Traction Motor, Inverter, Drivetrain, Batteries, and Charging Port. These have a low cost of running as they have fewer moving parts that mean a lower amount of maintenance is required and these vehicles are environmentally friendly. Electric vehicle manufacturing companies like Nissan and Tesla offer a huge amount of benefits for the customers.
Advantages of Electric Vehicles
The advantages of Electric Vehicles include the following:
1. Non-Conventional Source of Energy is used:
Electric vehicles are driven by electricity, which means that petrol, diesel, or any other conventional fuels are not being used which is more economical and environmentally friendly.
2. More Convenient for recharging:
Electric vehicles are easier to recharge, and unlike the ICE-based vehicle you would not need to go to the fuel station for recharging your vehicle. For charging an electric car, even a normal household socket can be used.
These vehicles Are recharged at very low prices as compared to ICE-based vehicles and the new cars offer a great incentive to you for getting your money back from the government for promoting electric mobility.
4. Zero Emissions:
This is the main advantage of an electric vehicle. Electric vehicles are eco-friendly as they are run on engines powered by electricity. This type of vehicle does not emit toxic gases in the environment as it is powered using cleaner sources of energy.
Electric Vehicles are gaining popularity day by day. These vehicles are three times more efficient than the vehicles having internal combustion engines.
6. Safer Driving Experience:
Electric vehicles are safer to use than internal combustion energy-based vehicles as they possess a lower center of gravity, which provides them a greater amount of stability on the road during a collision. In case of accidents, the airbags open, and the electricity supply is cut off from the battery which prevents the passengers inside the vehicles from getting serious injuries. These have a lesser probability of exploding due to the absence of any combustible fuel.
With technological advancements, the cost and maintenance of electric vehicles have been reduced. The production of batteries in huge quantities and the tax incentives available lowers the cost, making electric vehicles much more cost-effective.
8. Lower Maintenance Required:
Electric Vehicles are powered using electricity and hence these do not require lubrication and hence a great amount of maintenance work is reduced. Therefore, the cost of maintenance of these electric vehicles has been reduced.
9. Reduced Noise Pollution:
Electric vehicles help in the reduction of noise and hence prevent noise pollution as these vehicles are quieter. The electric motors provide a smoother drive over a long distance with high acceleration.
10. Cost of Battery and Battery Life:
Battery is an important part of an electric vehicle. Mostly, electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries, and the cost of these batteries is reducing due to an increase in their production. With the improvement in technology, the cost of batteries is reduced and the life of the batteries is increased.
11. Comfortable Driving Experience:
Electric vehicles are the simplest to drive. Electric vehicles effectively eliminate the clutch mechanism and you can operate the electric vehicle using an accelerator pedal, brake pedal, and steering wheel. Another really useful feature is regenerative braking. In electric vehicles, during braking, kinetic energy is used for charging the batteries.
Q1: Can you drive and charge an electric car in the rain?
Ans 1: Electric Vehicles can be driven or charged during rains. They can be driven through puddles safely.
Q 2: Does the electric vehicle require a greater amount of maintenance as compared to petrol or diesel-based vehicles?
Ans 2: Electric vehicles require a lower amount of maintenance than petrol or diesel-based vehicle as these have fewer moving parts and hence the maintenance cost is lower. Electric vehicles use regenerative braking due to which these encounters less wear and tear.