We must know about the difference between Otto cycle and the Diesel cycle in order to understand the working of automobiles. The present-day vehicles that are running on the roads are either works on the Otto cycle or Diesel cycle. In this article, we will tell you about the major difference between these cycles.
Otto Cycle and Diesel Cycle
- The Otto cycle was given by German scientist Otto, in 1876 and Diesel cycle was discovered by Dr. Rudolph Diesel in 1893.
- In Otto cycle the heat addition is takes place at constant volume where as in diesel cycle heat is added at constant pressure.
- Petrol engines work on Otto cycle and diesel engines work on diesel cycle.
- In Otto cycle, at the time of heat addition, the piston is at TDC where as in diesel cycle when the piston is in backward stroke, the heat addition begins and last at a portion of the piston stroke.
- The Otto cycle has less compression ratio (7:1 to 10:1) but in diesel cycle the compression ratio is high (11:1 to 22:1). In Otto cycle as well as in diesel cycle heat rejection takes place at constant volume.
- The efficiency of Otto cycle is less as compared with the Diesel cycle.
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Difference Between Otto Cycle and Diesel Cycle in Tabular Form
|Heat addition takes place at constant volume.
|Heat addition takes place at constant pressure.
|Petrol engines work on this cycle.
|Diesel engines work on this cycle.
|At constant volume, heat rejection takes place.
|In diesel cycle also the heat rejection takes place at constant volume.
|Compression ratio is less. It is 7:1 to 10:1.
|The compression ratio is higher. It is 11:1 to 22:1.
|Efficiency is less.
|Efficiency is more.
|Adiabatic expansion takes place during the complete backward stroke of the piston.
|After the heat addition is cut-off in the backward stroke, the adiabatic expansion takes place during the remaining portion of stroke.
In this article, We have discussed the difference between Otto cycle and Diesel cycle. if you find this piece of information valuable then don’t forget to like and share it.