Types of Chassis and Different Types of Cars According to Body Style

In this article we will take a look on types of chassis and different types of cars in automobile.

Have you ever notice that:
1. Why in the collision of a vehicle, like a small car which crushed fully but a truck or big car not crushed fully?
2. Why truck or big cars vibrate greater than a small car?
3. What type of car you have?

Types of Chassis


You have heard the word "Chassis" many time in automobile but till now you have confusion about it. But Today I am going to tell you about it. Chassis is the base of a vehicle. It consist engine, transmission system, brake system, suspension system, steering system, cooling system, wheels etc. 

There are two types of chassis:

1. Conventional chassis or frame-full chassis

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?

In this type of chassis the body is made as a separate unit and then joined with ladder frame. It supports all the systems in a vehicle such as the Engine, Transmission system, Steering system, Suspension system.

Advantage

  • Higher load capacity and strength

Disadvantage

  • The body tends to vibrate easily and the overall vehicle handling and refinement is lower.

It is used in truck, bus and in SUV cars and bigger vehicles.

2. Non conventional or frameless chassis

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?

In this type of chassis the ladder frame is absent and the body itself act as the frame. It supports all the systems in a vehicle such as the Engine, Transmission system, Steering system, Suspension system.


Advantage
  • Less rattles and squeaks are developed.
  • Handling is better due to the higher body rigidity and weight.

Disadvantage

  • The load carrying capacity is lower.
  • It is not safe in accidental condition.

Used mostly in hatchback and sedan cars.

Also Read: Top 5 Fastest Cars In The World

Different Types of Cars According to Body Style


Body of a car decides the space available for passenger and language in the car. There are various type of body used in Indian market. And they are given below.

1. Hatchback

Hatchbacks are vehicles with a separate engine area, and passenger area (or two boxes), the luggage area is enclosed with the passenger area behind the rear seats.

Example: Nano, Indica, Jazz, Punto etc.
What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?


2. Sedan/Notchback

Sedan are basically vehicles with an engine area, passenger area, and boot area (or three box), all separate.

Example: Indigo Manza, Swift Dzire etc.

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?


3. Estate/Station Wagon

Estates or Station wagons are modified saloon vehicles by combining the boot with passenger area & extending it till the roof. The boot area is significantly larger and does not have third row seating. This makes it convenient to carry big objects.

Example: Indigo Marina, Octavia Combi etc.
What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?


4. Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV) / Multi Utility Vehicle (MUV)

MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicles) or MUV (Multi Utility Vehicles) can have the engine, passenger area and boot area enclosed together or they can have the engine area separate and the passenger and boot area enclosed. MUV/MPV can also have third row of seating. These vehicles are two wheel drive.

Example: Sumo Grande, Tata Tavera, Tata Innova etc.

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?

5. Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV)

These vehicle have large tyres, higher seating, higher ground clearance. The engine area is separate and the passenger and boot area are enclosed together. These vehicles are either equipped with 4 wheel drive or has as an option of 4 wheel drive.

Example: Safari, Scorpio, Gypsy, Fortuner.

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?


6. Pick-Up Truck

These vehicle have large tyres, higher seating capacity, higher ground clearance. The engine area is separate and the passenger compartment available in single or double cab configurations. Also, luggage loading bay is available behind the passenger compartment. These vehicles are either equipped with 4 wheel drive or has as an option of 4 wheel drive.

Example: Xenon, Scorpio Getaway etc.

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?

7. Van

The engine is placed below the passenger area. Vans can also have Third row of seating. They are also taller and generally more spacious.

Example: Winger, Ace Magic, Omni etc.

What is Chassis in Automobile? How Many Types of Car According to the Body Style?
Now, I hope that you understood what is chassis and which type of car you have.

If you found anything incorrect in above types of chassis and different types of cars article then comment below.

Post a Comment