Twin Screw Supercharger – Main Parts, Working, Advantages, Disadvantages with Application

Twin Screw Supercharger also works same as other supercharger, and driven from the engine’s crankshaft via a belt or gear drive. Twin screw name has given because, it uses a pair of spiral rotor which is identical and both are in the shape of screw. It comes under the positive displacement device and more efficient than the roots type. It is used for increasing air quantity in the engine cylinder for more combustion which actually leads to more horsepower and torque from the engine. Air suction and compression process is done in a very unique way where as in other devices, just air get sucked at inlet side and pushed at discharge side. It looks similar to roots supercharger

Twin Screw Supercharger

Main Parts:

1. Bypass Actuator:

This is can controls the bypass valve opening and closing action for intake manifold to provide required boost level. It is control by ECU and it has boost control shaft and boost control solenoid. At low speed no boost is required, at that time by pass valve stay opened and there is no pressure in intake manifold. But when high speed high boost is required, the by-pass valve get closed, which causes the increase of pressure in the intake manifold

Also Read: Types of Supercharger in Automobile

2. Housing:

It is an outer body of device in which spiral rotors are being placed and assembly of the twin screw supercharger. It is made up of high thermal resistant material made up of cast aluminum. But carbon fibres as a recent material used in housing for less weight and more strength.

3. Front Cover:

Front portion where input shaft is placed Inside of it and driven pulley fixed at outside. It is in conical shape

4. Drive Pulley:

From drive pulley, this device gets the rotational power from engine belt. As pulley rotate two rotors can try to move in different direction as per mechanism. It can initiate further process for the twin screw supercharger.

5. Bearings:

Anti-friction ball bearings actually support the backside of both rollers which absorbs the drive loads. After a long usage of device, bearing may be wear out and causes noise problem.

6. Time Gears:

It has the helical gears and must be of high quality with good tolerance to maintain gap between the rotors. A small inaccuracy in gear profile makes contact in rotors and also causes the noise.

7. Rotors:

Rotors are spiral in shape and designed in such a way that they never touch each other or housing. Each rotor will get rotational motion in opposite direction. Both rotors are slightly differing in edges, one looks like conical taper and another looks like worm gear.

Also Read: How Turbocharger Works – Explained?

Working Of Twin Screw Supercharger

Twin Screw Supercharger Working

This device starts its function from driving pulley and power transmitted to input shaft that makes the rotors to move in opposite direction. One of its rotors has taper teeth section and second rotor has warm gear teeth section. When both side of rotor pocket meshes together, air gets squeezed between them. When air get start to compress by both side of rotor’s pockets the air flow in auxiliary motion at inlet and transported horizontally all the way to discharge side in radial motion. From the discharge side the compressed air goes to intercooler, here it decreases the high temperature to a desired low temperature and pressurized air goes into the inlet manifold of engine. At less temperature of air the density of air will be greater so, more air molecules means more oxygen to burn more fuel to achieve more power and torque from the engine

For Better Explanation Watch the Video Given Below: 


Advantages:

  1. More horsepower and boost can be achieved as compared to root type supercharger.
  2. During the each rotation, a specific fixed amount of air is trapped and moved to discharge side where it is compressed
  3. Produces more horsepower  throughout entire rpm range. 
  4. Less noisy.

Disadvantages:

  1. Installation is complex.
  2. Continuously  compression and discharge irrespective of  boost  requirement at low or high speed.
  3. It also exhibits heating issue but less as compared with root type.

Application:

Twin screw supercharger used in automobiles to boost engine power. For example it mostly used in racing cars.

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